Rumah blog

How To Avoid And Fix Check Valve Leakage

How To Avoid And Fix Check Valve Leakage
April 29, 2024

Valve leakage, especially in check valves, presents a significant risk. Check valves play a crucial role in preventing backflow, ensuring fluid flows in only one direction. 

Widely used in domestic water systems, sewage systems, marine, oil and gas industries, and heating systems, check valves are cost-effective solutions. 

However, if these valves malfunction, the risk of backflow arises, potentially leading to disastrous consequences, particularly in sensitive systems like sewage treatment. 

Addressing check valve leakage is paramount for the safety and reliability of industrial processes.

Check Valve Leak Rate

ANSI Standards define 6 distinct levels of check valve leakage rates, each indicating an acceptable range of leakage for a valve. 

Varied check valves are manufactured with leakage rates tailored to specific requirements. 

Let’s explore the details of these leakage rate levels:

Class II

Permissible leakage is 0.5% of the rated capacity. Capacity is assessed by pressurizing the valve inlet with the outlet open.

Class III

Permissible leakage is 0.1% of the rated capacity. Capacity is assessed by pressurizing the valve inlet with the outlet open.

Class IV

Permissible leakage is 0.01% of the rated capacity. Capacity is assessed by pressurizing the valve inlet with the outlet open.

Class V

Permissible leakage is 0.005 ml per minute of water per inch. 

Capacity is assessed by pressurizing the valve inlet after filling the valve body, connecting the pipe with water, and keeping the valve plug closed.

Types of Leaky Check Valves and How to Fix Them

Check valve leakage can result from various factors, including improper installation, inadequate maintenance, or defects in valve manufacturing. 

Precision and careful handling are crucial in check valve repair, often carried out by professionals. 

This overview addresses common issues related to check valve leakage, explores their potential causes, and provides solutions for effective resolution.

Check Valve Leaking Issue #1: Shut-off Failure

Shut-off failure in check valves, occurring during zero flow, leads to potential leakage, posing risks in various environments. 

Seizing issues in shut-off valves may compromise functionality and allow hazardous backflow.

Possible Cause

Aging internal components, like gaskets and washers losing their grip, or debris obstruction inside the valve, contribute to shut-off failure.

How to Fix

Inspect the industrial check valve, replace damaged washers, and clean the valve thoroughly to prevent future problems.

Check Valve Leaking Issue #2: Leaks When Closing

Incomplete closure of a check valve leads to leakage, a critical issue requiring attention. 

Persistent leaks may signal the need for check valve replacement, especially when handling hazardous chemicals.

Possible Causes

Debris Blockage: Foreign particles obstructing valve closure result in leakage.

Worn-out Washer: A deteriorated washer hinders proper check valve functioning, leading to leaks.

Improper Installation: Incompatible check valve size for specific situations causes leakage.

How to Fix

Thorough Cleaning: Remove contaminants causing obstruction and ensure proper valve functionality.

Washer Replacement: Worn-out washers should be replaced promptly to maintain a secure grip.

Proper Installation: Ensure correct sizing during installation to prevent leakage issues. Opt for check valve replacement if size mismatches persist.

Check Valve Leaking Issue #3: Leaking from Seat Seal

The valve seat maintains airtightness in the check valve body, crucial for preventing air leakage. 

Imperfect sealing of the check valve seat results in air and fluid leakage, causing system issues such as improper functioning and backflow. Detection is often performed through a bubble test.

Possible Causes

Improper Installation: Incorrectly placing the valve and seat can lead to air and fluid leakage.

Wear and Tear: Sealing deterioration due to wear and tear can result in a leaky check valve seat.

How to Fix

Repair or Replacement: Address a leaky seat seal by repairing or replacing it.

Proper Installation: Ensure accurate valve and seat placement during installation.

Preventive Maintenance: Proper lubrication minimizes wear and tear on the valve seat, ensuring prolonged functionality.

Check Valve Leaking Issue #4: Leaking from Stem

While many check valves lack stems, specific types feature stems for external control. 

Stem-related leakage in check valves, particularly stop-check valves, indicates malfunction and unregulated flow due to a damaged or improperly installed stem.

Possible Causes

Wear and Tear: Excessive wear and tear on the stem impairs its ability to control the valve disc.

Improper Installation: Incorrect stem placement disrupts disc control, leading to unregulated flow.

How to Fix

Stem Replacement: Address leakage by replacing a damaged stem with the appropriate replacement.

Maintenance Routine: Prevent check valve issues with regular maintenance and testing.

Repairing Packing: Repairing the valve packing contributes to effective stem performance.

Key Takeaway

Detecting and addressing leakage in check valves, such as a bad check valve or when backflow leaking from the top occurs, is crucial. 

Over time, check valves may go bad due to wear, leading to potential backflow issues. 

Regular maintenance and prompt replacement of worn parts help ensure optimal valve performance and prevent leakage.

Tinggalkan pesan

Tinggalkan pesan
Jika Anda tertarik dengan produk kami dan ingin mengetahui lebih detail, silakan tinggalkan pesan di sini, kami akan membalas Anda sesegera mungkin.



ada apa